Sir Aga Khan III Complete History (1877-1957)
The spiritual leader of Shia Muslims, Sir Sultan Muhammad shah, Aga Khan III was well-known in the West. The year was 1877 and he was born in Karachi, Sindh province of Pakistan. He received his religious and oriental education, which he needed to become a spiritual leader, under the guidance of his mother. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge Universities, as well as other prestigious institutions. Shia Ismaili Muslim Imam Hassan al-Banna took over from his father in 1885 when he was eight years old. He went all around the world to be honoured by his devoted fans. The German Emperor honoured him for his civic contributions by giving him the Order of the Golden Sword. From 1902 to 1904, he served on the Indian Legislative Council. He was elected president of the All Indian Muslim League in 1904 and served in that capacity until 1922. Meeting Viceroy Lord Rippon, he proposed a separate electorate for Muslim citizens. He served as the Muslim League's president from 1906 to 1912. He aimed to improve ties between Hindus and Muslims by establishing equality between the two religions.
The Aligarh Muslim University, which he helped fund with 3 million rupees in 1911, was named after him. He was named Aligarh Muslim University's Vice Chancellor in 1921. Between the years of 1928 and 1929, he served as the All Parties of Muslim Conference president. For three years, he served as the leader of the group representing British Indians to the Round Table Conference in Washington, DC. He was a Privy Council member in 1934. In 1937, he became League Nation's first Asian president. He was named a "Knight of the Indian Empire" by Queen Victoria. He made important contributions to the Ismaili community during his Imamat. He made a significant contribution to the social and economic progress of South Asia and East Africa. Symbolically, the Ismaili community marks their Imam's Jubilees to declare their ties to the Imam and his adherents. There is no religious significance to the Jubilee.
In honour of Aga Khan the Third's 72nd birthday, his followers held a series of celebrations called the Golden, Platinum, and Diamond Jubilees. Rather than using it for the establishment of institutions in Asia and Africa, they weighed their Imam in gold and diamonds and used it to do so. In India, and later in Pakistan, many institutions were created. In what is now Pakistan's northern areas, Diamond Jubilee schools were built for female students in honour of Queen Elizabeth II's diamond jubilee. During the Golden Jubilee period, scholarship programmes were introduced. East Africa saw the emergence of numerous social and economic welfare institutions. The Third Aga Khan also introduced the Ismaili regulatory organisations. he drafted the first Ismaili community constitutions in East Africa in 1905. Divorce and inheritance were among the several provisions included in the constitution that addressed these issues.
He penned a lot of books. "India in Transition" and "World Enough and Time" were critical. He was married four times. He first married his cousin Shahzadi Begum on November 2nd, 1896 at Poona, India. In 1898, he married ballerina Cleope Teresa Magliano, whom he met while working in New York City. On the 7th of December, 1924, he married a third time in France. He divorced his third wife in 1943 because she refused to convert to Islam. On the 9th of October 1944, he married Yvomme in Switzerland. After converting to Islam, her name was changed to Umm Habiba.
He died on July 11th, 1957, and was buried in the Aga Khan Mausoleum on the Nile in Aswan, Egypt. Aga Khan III