HTML Cheat sheet

Structure

This is the basic structure of HTML.

Boilerplate

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>

</body>
</html>

Headings

There are six headings in HTML H1 is the largest among all and H6 is the smallest.

<h1> Tag

<h1>Heading 1</h1>

<h2> Tag

<h2>Heading 2</h2>

<h3> Tag

<h3>Heading 3</h3>

<h4> Tag

<h4>Heading 4</h4>

<h5> Tag

<h5>Heading 5</h5>

<h6> Tag

<h6>Heading 6</h6>

Containers

Container tags are the tags that contain some data such as text, image, etc. There are 5 containers tags in HTML. Which are given below

<div> tag

<div> tag or division tag is used to make blocks or divisions in the HTML document.

<div> This is div block </div>

<span> tag

span is a container for inline content

<span> This is span block </span>

<p> tag

<p> tag is used for paragraph in HTML.

<p> This is a paragraph </p>

<pre> tag

<pre> tag is used for pre-formatted text in HTML

<pre> This is Pre Tag </pre>

<code> tag

<code> tag is used for represent source codes in HTML

<code>
import python
</code>

Text Formatting

Text formatting tags are used to format text or data of HTML documents. You can do certain things like creating italic, bold, strong text to make your document look more attractive and Beautiful.

<b> tag

<b> tag is used to make text Bold.

<b>I'm bold text</b>

<strong> tag

<string> tag is also used to make text bold.

Note: This is used for more important Text

<strong>Important text</strong>

<i> tag

<i> tag is used to make text Italic

<i>I'm italic text</i>

<em> tag

<em>Emphasized text</em>

<sub> tag

<sub>Subscript</sub>

<sup> tag

<sup>Superscript</sup>

Lists

Lists can be either numerical, alphabetic, bullet, or other symbols. You can specify list type and list items in HTML for the document.

<ol> tag

Ordered list starts with <ol> tag and each list item starts with <li> tag

<ol>
<li>Data 1</li>
<li>Data 2</li>
<li>Data 3</li>
</ol>

<ul> tag

<ul>
<li>Your Data</li>
<li>Your Data</li>
</ul>

Media

Media present in digital form such as image, video, audio, etc.

<audio> tag

<audio> tag is used to embed sound content in the document.

<audio controls>
<source src="demo.mp3" type="audio/mpeg">
Your browser does not support the audio element.
</audio>

<img> tag

<img> tag is used to embed or import image in a webpage.

<img src="Source_of_image" alt="Alternate text">

<video> tag

<video> tag is used to embed video in the webpage.

<video width="480" height="320" controls>
<source src="demo_move.mp4" type="video/mp4">
Your browser does not support the video tag.
</video>

Table

A table is a collection of rows and columns. It is used for to show data in table Form.

Table Structure

<table>
<caption>Demo Table</caption>
<thead>
<tr>
<th>Column1</th>
<th colspan="2">Column2</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>Data1</td>
<td>Data2</td>
<td>Data2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Data1</td>
<td>Data2</td>
<td>Data2</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
<tfoot>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;</td>
<td>Data</td>
<td>Data</td>
</tr>
</tfoot>
</table>

Links

Links are clickable text that can redirect you to some other page from your website.

<a> tag

<a> tag or anchor tag defines a hyperlink.

<a href="https://www.gooposts.com/">Visit Gooposts.com!</a>

Form

Sample Form

Form is used to collect user’s input, generally user’s data is sent to server for further processing.

<form action="/action.php" method="post">
Name: <input name="name" type="text" /> <br />
Age: <input max="90" min="1" name="age" step="1" type="number" value="18" /> <br />
<select name="gender">
<option selected="selected" value="male">Male</option>
<option value="female">Female</option>
</select><br />
<input checked="checked" name="newsletter" type="radio" value="daily" /> Daily <input name="newsletter"
type="radio" value="weekly" /> Weekly<br />
<textarea cols="20" name="comments" rows="5">Comment</textarea><br />
<label><input name="terms" type="checkbox" value="tandc" />Accept terms</label> <br />
<input type="submit" value="Submit" />
</form>

Characters & Symbols

Some symbols are not directly present on the keyboard, but there are some ways to use them in HTML documents. We can display them either by entity name, decimal, or hexadecimal value.

Copyright Symbol (©)

&copy;

Less than (<)

&lt

Greater than (>)

&gt;

Ampersand (&)

&amp;

Dollar ($)

&dollar;

Random Text

Elon Musk

Elon Reeve Musk FRS is an entrepreneur and business magnate. He is the founder, CEO, and Chief Engineer at SpaceX; early stage investor, CEO, and Product Architect of Tesla, Inc.; founder of The Boring Company; and co-founder of Neuralink and OpenAI. A centibillionaire, Musk is one of the richest people in the world.

Semantic Elements

Semantic elements are those elements that are self describable, i.e., from their name itself, you can understand their meaning.

<section> tag

<section> tag defines a section in the document

<section>This is a section</section>

<article> tag

<article> tag is represents self-contained content

<article> Enter your data here </article>

<aside> tag

<aside> tag is used to place content in the sidebar

<aside> Your data </aside>

About the Author: Ajab Noor

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